Mosquito Control Measures
Mosquitoes can spread a number of animal and zoonotic diseases. Control programs should focus on decreasing their numbers to minimize the risk of disease spreading.
Mosquito prevention and control involves a basic understanding of their life cycle.
A mosquito life cycle has 4 stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult.
- The entire cycle can take as little as four days or as long as one month, depending on species and temperature.
- All mosquitoes must have water for their life cycle.
- Most eggs hatch within 48 hours.
Mosquito Control and Prevention
The best way to control mosquitoes is to remove potential egg laying sites
Remove any sources of standing water
Add drainage holes to stuctures or containers that may trap water (barrels, old tires).
Change or circulate the water in pet bowls and birdbaths at least once a week.
Fill tree holes with sand, mortar or place drainage holes to prevent standing water.
Clean roof gutters to prevent them from becoming clogged and holding water.
Properly dispose of all trash, especially anything that could hold water.
Keep weeds and other vegetation mowed and trimmed to minimize shelter for adult mosquitoes.
For areas with ponds, consider stocking mosquito-eating fish.
Control of Mosquito Larvae
The use of larvacides is a consideration, but should only be used as a supplemental measure.
Use only larvicides approved for use in your area; Check with your local extension office of department of pest management for a list of approved pesticides.
Do not apply pesticides to moving water (i.e. streams).
Always read and follow all label directions.
Non-chemical pesticides (e.g., King’s BT-Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis) may be an option.
Methoprene products can be used to treat areas that collect water, such as bird baths, urns, old tires, flower pots, abandoned swimming pools, etc.
Control of Adult Mosquitoes
Special equipment is needed to apply pesticides to kill adult mosquitoes (adulticides); small droplets are produced that drift through the air and contact adult mosquitoes to kill them.
Check with your local extension office or department of pest management to determine which pesticides are approved for use in your area.
The use of pesticides should only be supplemental to controlling mosquitoes through the reduction and management of mosquito egg laying sites.
King’s Potent (Permethrin + S-bioallethrin) can be treated with outdoor thermal fogging, cold fogging, spraying, or ULV spraying; Follow all label directions.
Contact your local extension agent for assistance in developing a mosquito management plan.
Avoid being outdoors during prime mosquito biting times (dusk, dawn).
Use insect repellant containing DEET, Picaridin or Oil of lemon-eucalyptus [NOTE: DEET can be toxic to companion animals, so should not be used on pets].
Keep windows, doors and porches tighly screened.
With any mosquito control product, always read and follow all label directions carefully.
It is a violation to use a pesticide in any manner that differs from the product label. Use only according to label directions to avoid environmental damage and animal or human injury.
Since 2003, King Quenson has been thriving to introduce the latest technologies to agricultural industries and farmers to achieve mutual development and prosperity. With years of dedication and rich experience, King Quenson devotes more than 20 years to crop protection and offers solutions.
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